Cradle of CivilisationsBook - 1996
Syria's archaeological riches make its claim to be the cradle of civilizations incontestable. Excavations of the towns in the Middle-Euphrates show civilization flourishing in Syria at the time of the earliest great civilizations of Persia, Mesopotamia and Egypt. And since then, a series of great empires has risen and fallen in the area, and all have left their mark on the country. Syria was conquered and settled by the Assyrians, who in turn gave way to the great Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar. Then subsequent Persian dominance was ended by the Macedonian King Alexander the Great, and Syria became Hellenized, with Antioch as capital of Macedonian Babylon. Indeed, Syria's importance to the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire founded by Constantine can be seen by the numerous Christian churches. Fortifications such as the magnificent Krak des Chevaliers recall the long struggles between Muslims and Christian Crusaders. And the Ottoman Empire brought Syria commercial prosperity and further treasures. The vibrance of modern Syria, as witnessed in commercial cities like Damascus and Aleppo, is a testament to the cultural intermingling over the millennia. The most vivid contrast is afforded by the unchanging lifestyle of the Bedouin in the vast deserts which cover more than half the country. Cheneviere offers the reader a taste of this extraordinary diversity.
Publisher: London : Stacey International, c1996
Call Number: 956.91 C4209s
Characteristics: 191 p. : col. ill., col. map ; 30 cm